It is a "persistent pattern of inattention and / or hyperactivity" more frequent and severe than is typical of children at a similar level of development. The disorder is common, appears more often in boys than girls, and causes disruption in school and at home. A developmentally inappropriate poor attention span, age inappropriate features of hyperactivity and impulsivity, or both characterize it. Most children with ADHD do not show evidence of gross structural damage in the central nervous system.
DIAGNOSTIC CRITERIA FOR ADHD
- Often fails to give close attention to details or makes careless mistakes in schoolwork or other activity.
- Often does not listen when spoken to directly.
- Often does not follow through on instructions.
- Often easily distracted by extraneous stimuli.
- Often fidgets with hands or feet or squirms in seat.
- Often runs about or climbs excessively
About 75% of children with ADHD fairly consistently show behavioral symptoms of aggression and defiance. Some studies claim that some relatives of hyperactive children show features of antisocial personality disorder. In about 15 to 20% of cases, symptoms persist into adulthood, for them there is a high risk for developing conduct disorder. Pharmacotherapy, Psychotherapy is effective for ADHD treatment.